Biomes & Ecosystems

Biomes & Ecosystems

Biome Explorer

Blue Room: Field Guides to the Biomes

This month students will be transformed into explorers of the biomes and ecosystems of the world.

Week 1: The Rain Forest

Week 1 in the Blue Room will be focused on the animals found in the Rain forest Biome. Students will be introduced to the animals through the book, The Field Guide to Rain Forest Animals. Your young explorers will be creating their own field journals to record their discovers and share their findings with you at home! By the end of the week students should have a basic understanding of the following Sub Theme Objectives.

Week 1 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Have explored the Field Guide to Rainforest Animals, start to understand what a field guide is and what it is used for and have created a field guide for wildlife observations throughout the month.
  2. Be familiar with at least three animals that live in the Rainforest and the letters and sounds that the letters their names begin with make (i.e. “Parrot” begins with “P”).

Week 2: Animals of the Arctic Tundra

Week 2 will be taught in a similar fashion to week 1. Week 2 will be focused on the animals found in the Arctic Tundra Biome. Students will be introduced to the animals through the book The Field Guide to Polar Animals. As in week 1, this field guide will be introduced to students as something that was discovered by explorers at the ends of the Earth! Students will continue to use their own field guides to make observations and practice writing letters that coincide with the animal and alphabet discoveries made in the Blue Room. By the end of the week students should have a basic understanding of the following Sub Theme Objectives.

Week 2 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Have explored the Field Guide to Polar Animals and have started to make some observations in the field guide created in week 1.
  2. Be familiar with at least three animals that live in the Arctic Tundra and the letters and sounds that the letters their names begin with make (i.e. “Arctic Fox” begins with “A” and “F”).

Week 3: Animals of the African Savanna

Week 3 will also be taught in a similar fashion to week 1. Week 3 will be focused on the animals found in the African Savanna Biome. Students will be introduced to the animals through the book The Field Guide to Safari Animals. Like in weeks 1 and 2, this field guide should be introduced to students as something that was discovered by explorers in exotic Africa! During week 3 students will continue to use their field guides to make observations and practice writing letters that coincide with the animal and alphabet discoveries made in the Blue Room. by the end of the week students should have a basic understanding of the following Sub Theme Objectives.

Week 3  Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Have explored the Field Guide to Safari Animals and continue to make observations in the field guide created in week 1.
  2. Be familiar with at least three animals that live in the African Savanna and the letters and sounds that the letters their names begin with make (i.e. “Zebra” begins with “Z”).

Week 4: Animals of the Ocean

The last week of the month will again follow the same format as weeks 1, 2 and 3. Week 4 will be focused on the animals found in the Ocean/Marine Biome. Students will be introduced to the animals through the book The Field Guide to Ocean Animals. As in previous weeks, this field guide will be introduced to students as something that was discovered by explorers of the Great Barrier Reef! By now your little ones should have a good understanding of what a field guide is and should be able to describe to you in detail its components and purpose!

Week 4 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Have explored the Field Guide to Ocean Animals and finish making observations in the field guide.
  2. Be familiar with at least three animals that live in the Ocean and the letters and sounds that the letters their names begin with make (i.e. Shark begins with S).

Learning Goals

Reading Comprehension:

1.6 Recognize and name and name all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet (level K)

1.14 Match all consonant and short-vowel sounds to appropriate letters (level K)

Writing: 1.2

Write consonant-vowel-consonant words (level K)

Letters:

Recognition, Sounds and Writing

Green Room: Biomes & Ecosystems

Our objective this month is to, through the use of an ant ecosystem, traverse through and learn about several different biomes. The Green Room will be focusing on the characteristics of each biome (i.e. geography, weather, plants, animals, etc.) in order to give students a working knowledge and understanding of the many organisms that work together to create the ecosystems within each biome.

Week 1: Ants In Every Biome!

Before the first lesson, teachers will get their classrooms ready for the month by bringing in some of nature’s many gifts (i.e. plants, sticks, rocks, leaves, etc.) to make the Green Room feel like an outdoor classroom.To start the month we will be introducing students to the infamous ant! Since ants live in every biome, they are the perfect guide to lead us through our learning adventures! We will be introducing the terms, biome, ecosystem, niche, predator, prey and camouflage. Students will also work together to create an ant ecosystem that will change to display a variety of biomes throughout the month.

Week 1 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be starting to become familiar with the terms biome, ecosystem, niche, predator, prey and camouflage
  2. Create an ant ecosystem
  3. Be familiar with the plant & animal life, the geography and the weather of the Rainforest Biome.
  4. Be familiar with at least one ecosystem within the rainforest (i.e. how a particular group of living and non-living things interact with one another) including an example of a food chain.

Week 2: The Arctic Tundra

During week 2 we will be exploring the Arctic Tundra with our students. To start the week, we have the ant ecosystem created in week 1 travel to the Arctic Tundra (Spending the weekend in the freezer makes this quite realistic). We review key terms and discuss where in the Arctic Tundra ants can live (underground). We also use the book, One Small Square: Arctic Tundra, for information on the characteristics of the Arctic Tundra. It alsoprovides some great pictures of the plant and animal life that exists in the Arctic Tundra. By the end of the week our students should have a basic understanding of the Sub Theme Objectives as well as have been exposed to multiple Number and Shape Opportunities.

Week 2 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be starting to become familiar with the terms biome, ecosystem, niche, predator, prey and camouflage
  2. Be familiar with the plant & animal life, the geography and the weather of the Arctic Tundra Biome.
  3. Be familiar with at least one ecosystem within the Arctic Tundra (i.e. how a particular group of living and non-living things interact with one another) including an example of a food chain.

Week 3: The African Savanna

To start week 3, we use the ant ecosystem created in week 1 and transport it to the African Savanna. We review key terms and discuss where in the African Savanna ants can live  (trees & ground). We use the book, One Small Square: African Savanna, for information on the characteristics of the African Savanna.By the end of the week your students should have a basic understanding of the Sub Theme Objectives as well as have been exposed to multiple Number and Shape Opportunities.

 Week 3 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the terms biome, ecosystem, niche, predator, prey and camouflage.
  2. Be familiar with the plant & animal life, the geography and the weather of the African Savannah Biome
  3. Be familiar with at least one ecosystem within the African Savannah (i.e. how a particular group of living and non-living things interact with one another) including an example of a food chain.

Week 4: The Ocean/Marine Biome

Week 4 will again follow a similar format to that of weeks 1, 2 and 3. During week 4 we will be exploring the Ocean with our students. To start the week, we have the ant ecosystem created in week 1 travel to the Marine Biome. We review key terms and discuss where in the Marine Biome ants can live (hint: the beach). We also use the book, One Small Square: Coral Reef, for information on the characteristics of the Ocean.

By the end of the week your students should have a basic understanding of the Sub Theme Objectives as well as have been exposed to multiple Number and Shape Opportunities.

Week 4 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the terms biome, ecosystem, niche, predator, prey and camouflage.
  2. Be familiar with the plant & animal life, the geography and the weather of the Marine/Ocean Biome
  3. Be familiar with at least one ecosystem within the Ocean (i.e. how a particular group of living and non-living things interact with one another) including an example of a food chain.
  4. Be able to identify the ecosystem in which they live and the organisms that exist within it.

Learning Goals

Earth Science: 3a  Students know characteristics of mountains, rivers, oceans, valleys and deserts of specific biomes

Life Science: 2c  Students know how to identify major structures of common plants and animals (i.e. stem, root, leaf, leg, arm, etc.).

Number Sense: 1.1 Compare two or more sets of objects (up to ten objects in each group) and identify which set is equal to, more than or less than the other

Numbers and Shapes: Recognition, Writing Numbers and Drawing Shapes

Red Room: Recycling & Conservation

This month the Red Room will become a haven for recycled materials. These materials will become the students’ inspiration for their own art and fashion masterpieces! Students will have the opportunity to work with a variety of recyclables and be active participants in the planning of an Earth Day celebration!

Week 1: Intro to Recycling & Conservation

We begin week 1 with an introduction to conservation and recycling.We will be reading “Michael Recycle” and “The Adventures of a Plastic Bottle/Can” throughout the week so that students maintain interest and focus on the subject matter at hand. We also introduce the many natural resources that the Earth offers and which resources can be conserved. Our recycling efforts will also be moved to the Red Room to get students excited about these concepts. By the end of the week they should have a good understanding of what can be recycled and why it is important to do so. Students will also be learning about what recycled materials can be used for (i.e. art, fashion, paper goods, etc.).  Then they will have the opportunity later in the month to use recycled materials to become artists and fashion designers!

Week 1 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the terms conservation and recycling.
  2. Be familiar with at least one of the Earth’s resources that can be conserved (i.e. water).
  3. Be familiar with different ways to recycle.Be able to identify sounds from a nature CD and know how one is created.

Week 2: Recycled Art

During week 2 we will turn your conservationists into artists! The inspiration for the types of art created during week 2 will come from images displayed in the classroom of recycled art and class discussions about recycling. When week 2 begins, we will display a variety of pictures of recycled art along with pictures of the artists who created them. These pictures will help guide students when they are attempting to create their very first recycled art masterpiece! Students are also encouraged to bring in examples of everyday things (i.e. cup, purse, vase, etc.) that can also be used as inspirations for their creations.

Week 2 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the term Recycled Art and what types of materials are used to produce it.
  2. Be familiar with at least 2 artists who create art using recycled materials.
  3. Have created a three-dimensional piece of art using recycled materials.

Week 3: Recycled Fasion

During week 3 our students will become fashion designers! Using the recycled materials in the classroom, students will create clothing and accessories that they may even be able to actually wear and use! Designing clothing and accessories from recycled materials is a great learning process. Students will be able to use their journals to brainstorm and sketch their designs before actually creating them. Teachers will provide guidance while students are creating so that they are able to plan out a design that will be realistic for them to create.

Week 3 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the term Recycled Fashion and what types of materials are used to produce it.
  2. Be familiar with at least 2 fashion designers who design clothing or accessories using recycled materials.
  3. Have participated in the creation of clothing or accessories using recycled materials.

Week 4: Earth Day Preparations

During week 4, we will be working with our students to plan an Earth Day celebration! The celebration will be for the entire school to enjoy. Throughout the week we will plan activities for Earth Day that are related to either conserving the Earth’s resources or recycling. We brainstorm with the class about what types of activities and games to provide for the celebration. Students will also be making posters and banners about Earth Day to display.

Week 4 Sub Theme Objectives

  1. Be familiar with the purpose of Earth Day and the date on which it occurs.
  2. Have participated in the planning of an Earth Day celebration for the school.

Learning Goals

Visual Arts:

2.1  Use lines, shapes, forms and colors to make patterns.

2.2  Demonstrate beginning skill in tools and processes such as the use of scissors, glue and paper in the creation of a three-dimensional product

2.3  Make a collage using cut or torn paper shapes and forms

Art: Recycled Fashion and Art

Instead of being focused on just one artist this month, the Red Room is focused on a type of art. Students will not only be exposed to recycled art and fashion, but the artists and designers who create it.

Music: “Sounds of the Earth” by David Sun

Music can be integrated into any lesson. “Sounds of the Earth” is great inspiration for any masterpiece the students might create! We will also discuss how a compilation of nature sounds is created so that students know that they are listening to actual sounds from specific biomes, not just some man-made noise!

Color:

Recognition & Primary vs. Secondary